Matisse and his friends Albert Marquet, Andre Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck and Georges Rouault were called Fauvists in the Autumn Salon of 1905, that is, “wild”. They are usually considered as members of one artistic group, although such a presentation is an obvious stretch. They were different, converging only on their attitude to color.
Fauvism claimed the predominance of color over form. Among the predecessors of Fauvism, one must first of all mention Gauguin; later on, his ideas were developed by expressionists. The term “invented” the critic L. Veksel, who, comparing the bronze figure Albert Marquet exposed in the Autumn Salon, with the work of the 15th century sculptor Donatello located in the neighborhood, exclaimed: “Poor Donatello! He was surrounded by savages!”
The painting “Young Sailor”, was created by Matisse in the years of his passion for fauvism. Later, the artist wrote: “Fauvism was short-lived. We came up with it in order to show the value of each color, not giving preference to any of them.”