In 1905, Henri Matisse stopped using the technique of divisionism. He became interested in daring combinations of pure colors, and inharmonious unthinkable in terms of art of past eras. The artist exhibited painting “Woman in a Hat” Autumn Salon of this year.
The exhibition was also attended by Albert Marquet, who had studied with Matisse in Gustave Moreau at the School of Fine Arts, Maurice Vlaminck and André Derain. Their work with garish color, sharp and deliberately simplified forms that have become like an insult to the public, have caused scandal and were called wild. This aptly spoken word and became the basis for the name of the new direction of art – Fauvism
“Woman in a Hat” also caused a storm of indignation. With the portrait of the viewer looking lady in a high hat, sitting half-turned. The asymmetrical facial features, wild paint – so the image was not like a real person , which could not seem ugly.
The public has already recognized the Impressionists, which once caused no fewer scandals. Suffice it to recall the “Nude” by Auguste Renoir, in which the body of the heroine on green foliage cast reflexes, called the criticism “cadaveric spots.” However, Matisse went further.
Artist maximizes sound colors, bringing it to the point of absurdity. In this strange harsh colors wonderfully in tune with each other, giving a major sounding coloring. The painting lives its own life independent of the life of the real heroine of reality and of color relationships that exist in nature. It gives an idea of the harmony of color combinations, not previously encountered in European painting, designed for a new aesthetic perception of art. Matisse creates a fundamental art, absolutely free from the rules and canons.