Black Square by Kazimir Malevich

Black Square by Kazimir Malevich

The avant-garde artist Kazimir Malevich was born in the family of a plant manager. From the age of 11, he painted and painted a lot. In 1894, Malevich graduated from the five-grade agronomic school, in 1895-1896. He studied at the drawing school, then moved with his family to Kursk.

There he was in the circle of art lovers and served as a draftsman, earning money for living and studying in Moscow.

In 1904, Malevich arrived in Moscow, where for some time he attended classes at the school of painting, sculpture and architecture, and at the Stroganov School. A year later he returned to Kursk and independently began painting.

Malevich worked a lot on the canvases of the new pictorial system, which he called “Suprematism”, the principles of which were outlined in his brochure and manifesto “From Cubism to Suprematism.” “New picturesque realism” is the very system to which the painting “Black Square” belongs, written in 1913.

A. Benoit said about this: “Black Square”, that “icon”, which citizens-futurists offer instead of Madonnas and shameless Venus. “Black Square” in a white salary is not an easy thing, not an easy call, not an occasional little an episode that happened in the house on the Field of Mars, and one of the acts of self-affirmation of that beginning, which has an abomination of desolation in its name and which ends in it through pride, through arrogance, through the trampling of all love and tender will lead everyone to death. “

But this picture does not cause indignation, but rather, on the contrary, it captures, absorbs and disturbs, gives a sense of accomplishment, although, of course, it keeps in suspense. “Black Square” projects the viewer into itself, leaving it at the same time completely free in his imagination, which can take the most unexpected path. And it will be determined solely by the identity of the viewer.

After the February Revolution of 1917, Malevich was elected chairman of the Art Section of the Moscow Union of Soldiers’ Deputies. He developed the project for the creation of the People’s Academy of Arts, was a commissioner for the protection of monuments of antiquity and a member of the Commission for the Protection of Art Values of the Kremlin.

After the October Revolution, Malevich took part in the creation of scenery and costumes for the production of Mystery Buff, V. V. Mayakovsky, wrote the theoretical work On New Systems in Art, together with Chagall led the workshop at the People’s Art School in Vitebsk, participated in exhibitions.

In subsequent years, he was engaged in teaching and propaganda activities, being a teacher of drawing at the architectural department of the Petrograd Institute of Civil Engineers and director of the Institute of Contemporary Art Culture Research. He continues to take part in international exhibitions, exhibiting his paintings in Berlin, accompanying the show with a course of lectures on the theory of modern painting. In 1929 his personal exhibition took place in the State Tretyakov Gallery.

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