Landscapes of Sylvester Shchedrin are filled with a living sense of nature, sunlight, clear air, the inseparable connection of the life of nature with the life of man. So before it did not write Russian landscape painters. In classicism painting, the landscape served as an expression of ideal beauty and harmony. And since in nature, from the point of view of the theory of classicism, there can not be an ideal, then for its creation it was required to order nature.
“Painting…” asserted P. P. Chekalevsky, “surpasses the very nature… he chooses the whole spectacle of nature, the most perfect, connects different parts of many places and the beauty of many private people.” The classic landscape was to correct, ennoble nature. The first of the Russian artists, Sylvester Shchedrin fully overcome this conventionality of classicism.
Nature in all the charm of its reality, everyday life becomes the subject of the painter’s attention. But he does not look at nature with the strict eye of the analyst or byt-writer, but with the eyes of the poet in love with her. The artist performs the series “Terraces” during the years 1825-1828. More than his other landscapes, they are specific in their reflection of the real life of nature, in the transmission of its state.
One of the best in this series is “Terrace by the sea”. Surprisingly accurately conveyed the feeling of the languor of the summer hot afternoon, the coolness of the shaded terrace, the sweetness of the rest. Shchedrin comes close to the problem of plein air painting, that is, painting in the open air. He seeks to convey the air environment that softens the shapes of objects, observes the color change in differently lit places, notices the color reflexes, it is occupied by a living play of light and shadow. Shchedrin’s landscapes are a poetic story about Italy, about the amazing land of the sun and the sea, about her dreamy bliss, about her people living together with nature. But at the same time, Sylvester Shchedrin remains a Russian artist.