The castle is a building combining residential and defensive-fortification tasks. In the most common meaning of the word – the fortified dwelling of the feudal lord in medieval Europe. A large number of castles have survived to this day and are recognized monuments of history and culture.
It is necessary to understand the difference between a fortress and a castle. If the castle is, in fact, one building in which walls, bridges, living quarters, towers, ditches and other structures are joined together, the fortress is, in fact, a piece of land surrounded by a wall with towers.