Painting of the Italian artist Caravaggio “Salome with the head of John the Baptist.” The size of the painting is 116 x 140 cm, canvas, oil. The painting depicts, presumably, the dancer Salome, Herodias and Herod Antipas. Herodias was married to her uncle Philip and had from him already an adult daughter of Salome, but was carried away by a criminal connection with her husband’s brother, the Galilean king Herod Antipas.
This love affair produced a heavy impression on all the inhabitants of Galilee; people murmured deafly, but did not dare to express their feelings. Then the avenger John John the Baptist stood up for the scorned moral law, who boldly appeared to the tyrant and expressed bitter reproach to him. Herod Antipas, without reproving for his unlawful connection with Herodias, imprisoned John the Baptist in prison, where the forerunner of Jesus Christ fell victim to the rage of Herodias. Salome had danced so well for King Herod Antipas that he swore to fulfill her every request.
Her mother, Herodias, who was seeking revenge for John the Baptist, persuaded Salome to demand from Herod the head of John the Baptist. This painting is the last work of the artist Michelangelo Merizi da Caravaggio, written during the last three years of his life, perhaps finished painter in Naples, where he lived from 1609 to 1610.