Painting of the Italian painter Pompeo Batoni “The Countess of San Martino”. The size of the portrait is 99 x 74 cm, canvas, oil. The noble Italian family of San Martino owned the ducal palace in the town of Allier Piemonte. It is also interesting that in the homeland of the artist Pompeo Batoni in Lucca, since the XI century, there is the cathedral of San Martino. This cathedral of San Martino was founded in 1063 by Bishop Anselm.
Originally built in the Romanesque style, the main cathedral of Lucca San Martino was completely redone in the 14th-15th centuries. However, three different-sized arches with complex columns in the lower tier of the facade of the San Martino Cathedral still represent a model of the architecture of Romanesque art, the upper three tiers are decorated with loggias. The main portal of the Cathedral of San Martino is adorned with the magnificent carvings of famous masters, architects and sculptors Niccolo Pisano and Gvidetto da Como.
In the portraits of Batoni famous for portraits, the poses of models are often given similarity to the famous antique sculptures, as, for example, in the picture “The Count of Württemberg,” in which the portrait is represented in the pose of the statue of Hercules Farnese. Batoni’s style is the refined quintessence of ancient art, academic Renaissance painting, a combination of rococo trends with elements of neoclassicism. The classical motifs in Batoni’s painting are quite easily recognizable in the poses of models, in the interpretation of persons portrayed, in the drawing of naked bodies in pictures of mythological themes.