Theater of Taormina by Gustav Klimt

Theater of Taormina by Gustav Klimt

Taormina is a historical city on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, halfway between Messina and Catania. Us. 10,863 inhabitants. . A Greek settlement called Taurromania originated on the shores of the Ionian Sea after the destruction of the nearby port city of Naxos in 403 BC. e. It is well known that as far back as 394 Dionysius the Elder settled in the Sicul District.

According to Diodorus Sicilian, the city was founded in 356 by expelled residents of Naxos, led by Andromache, the father of the historian Timaeus. Less than ten years later the Tavro men first in Sicily took the side of Timoleon. In the year

210 BC. e. The city surrendered to the Romans and gradually fell into decay. Plundered by the Arabs in 902 and 962, Tavromeny received the Arabic name Muiziya in honor of the Arab Emir Al-Muiza. A century later, in 1078, was won by the Normans. About the Middle Ages resemble the cathedral church and several palazzos.

The wide beaches and ancient ruins of Taormina – the Greek theater and the Roman Odeon – attracted the attention of the European intelligentsia of the XIX century, and by the beginning of the 20th century the city became the most popular resort of Sicily. Two years spent here, David Herbert Lawrence; Here he did his homoerotic pictures of Baron von Gladen. Every year Taormina hosts a music and dance festival, a theater and an international prize, among which Anna Akhmatova is listed among her laureates.

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