In the early 1570s, Philip II ordered Titian two large paintings-allegories: “Religion, which helps Spain” and “Philip II’s offering.” Both works were sent to Madrid in September 1575. To perform this painting, the artist used the idea of his work, which began 40 years ago. Left – Spain, in the image of a woman with a spear. Her army also consists of women.
Right – Religion, almost naked and unhappy woman. In the background, Neptune, dressed as a Turk, hints at the Ottoman naval power, which will soon be weakened. Showing a naked female figure, Titian manifests himself as an artist of advanced views. If in Gothic it was an image of lust and sin, then in the Renaissance it was a form of justice, religion, faith, etc. Titian uses a strong light that illuminates both main figures, receiving an atmospheric effect, supplemented by a moving army. Despite the free smear, the artist carefully writes out the details of the first plan.