Kaufmann’s painting depicts Princess Esterhazy, the wife of the Austrian Field Marshal and Hungarian sovereign Prince Nikolai Esterhazy.
Esterhazy-Galanta is a powerful and rich family of Hungarian magnates; according to legend, it leads from Attila; according to documentary data, is known since 1238. The founder of the power of the house is Nikolai Esterhazy, the forefather of the Forhenstein line, the Hungarian palatine.
1) Prince Paul Esterházy, Count of Frakno and Bereg, Austrian Field Marshal, Hungarian Palatine; took part in 1683 in the liberation of Vienna and in 1686
2) Prince Nicholas Joseph Esterhazy, Count Forhenstein, Austrian Field Marshal, grandson of the previous; distinguished himself in the war for the Austrian inheritance and in the Seven Years’ War; known as a philanthropist; Haydn and Pleyel came out of the music school founded by him in Eisenstadt.
3) Prince Nicholas Esterhazy, Austrian Field Marshal, grandson of the previous; in 1809, exposed the corps of volunteers to help Austria in response to the proclamation of Napoleon, who offered him the electoral crown of Hungary. The possessions of the princely line of Esterházy’s house in the 19th century consisted of 29 estates with 60 towns and 414 villages.