The work is recognized as a masterpiece of the “blue period” of the artist. Perhaps it is in this work that the author’s entire aesthetic and ethical program is vividly expressed. It is known that the artist himself did not like this picture, considering it to be imperfect. The plot of the work is complicated and difficult to analyze.
Most often, the work is interpreted very subjectively, projecting the data of the artist’s biography on the image. It is known that the suicide of the artist’s friend made a strong impression on the latter. The situation was complicated by the disorder and creative stagnation of the master. The whole plot can be divided into four independent parts.
The author tries to combine in one work such concepts as birth and death, love and loneliness. In addition to the complex plot, the author uneasy organizes the work space itself. The three planes in which the plot of the work exists foreshadow the Cubist delights that the great master will be fascinated with very soon. It is striking the static and lifelessness of the figures, accentuated in a cool blue tone.
The artist seems to depict the world of the dead, giving his work a controversial title to express his uneasy relationship to the world around him. The atmosphere of eerie silence and static character makes the public to experience the state of uncertainty and grief that the author’s world perception made during the creation of the picture.