Despite the fact that early ukieh can not be considered landscapes in the full sense of the word, the activities of Masanobu, Kokan and their followers are the first, but very important step in shaping the landscape as an independent genre of Ukiyo-e.
The next stage of this process is connected with the name of Utagawa Toeharu. His perspective engravings differ markedly from the ukie of the previous period. Studying the laws of perspective and chiaroscuro, he was the first among the masters to copy Dutch etchings, and also used them in independent compositions much more confidently than his predecessors.
Ukiye, whose popularity was extremely high in the 1770s – 1790s, had a noticeable impact on the traditional engraving – Ukiye-e. Many masters, working mainly in the genres of biding and yakusya-e, occasionally turned to “perspective paintings.” Among them are Torii Kienaga, Kitagawa Utamaro, Katsukawa Sjunse, Kitao Sigemasa and others. In the works of these artists, the first attempt is made to combine the techniques characteristic of “perspective paintings” with the decorative qualities of polychrome engraving.