In 1870 the artist I. Aivazovsky painted the picture “Ice mountains in Antarctica.” The painter wanted to display on the canvas a great event of the era – the discovery of Antarctica by the expedition of F. Bellingshausen in 1820. It depicts a lonely standing ship, which first entered the waters of Antarctica. This event was grandiose for those times and is comparable to the first manned flight into space. Only in this case, people first saw this cold continent.
The picture is written according to the memoirs of the expedition member Admiral M. Lazarev. The artist accurately displayed the landscape of the mainland, although there has never been. Antarctica met its pioneers with calm waters of the coastal bay and huge blocks of ice. Although we see the night time, the color spectrum is diverse. This is a lilac, and white, and greenish tones. These colors make the landscape displayed in the picture more majestic and cool. If you look at the canvas for a long time, the vast spaces depicted are fascinating and attracting your mystery.
You can see the harmony in nature: the water splashes smoothly, the clouds float across the sky and a huge boulder stands out against it, and in the distance an iceberg is visible. Among this splendor stands a lonely standing ship. People are alone in this realm of ice. It’s not their world, it’s beautiful, but it’s a stranger. And although they accomplished the feat, having overcome a huge distance, they triumph in vain, because they will have to return back to their familiar life. From the picture there is a feeling of purity and harmony of nature, the person here is superfluous. The artist accurately conveyed with the help of paints the beautiful world of Antarctica with its boundless sparkling ice, the cold waters of the ocean. This continent is beautiful, but it is soulless.
The picture is written realistically. The color of the colors is matched according to the reality. This is important for the overall perception of the landscape and cognitive purposes.