In the XIX century. official iconography acquires new qualitative and semantic nuances. The internationally recognized masterpieces of European art are beginning to play an increasingly important role as models. Academic retirees bring from Italy mandatory copies of the Vatican, Milan, Florence.
Solid French and Italian gullies introduce Russian society through sketch engraving with the world’s largest collections of paintings and sculptures. Not the least role played the spread of Catholicism in aristocratic circles.
Classicism as a style to some extent contributed to the selection and ordering of new iconographic types. The most common for many years were the “Eucharist” Carlo Dolci, “Christ in the Thorns” and “Joseph with the Infant Christ in His Hands” Guido Reni.