The landscape includes visible features of the land area, including physical elements of the land’s outline, such as mountains, hills, water bodies such as rivers, lakes, ponds and sea, living vegetation elements including local vegetation, people including different forms of land use, buildings and structures and Transient elements, such as lighting and weather conditions.
By combining both their physical origin and the cultural imposition of human presence, often created over millennia, landscapes reflect the living synthesis of people and place a vital for local and national consciousness. Landscapes, their character and quality, help determine the image of the region itself, its perception of the place, which differentiates it from other areas. It is a dynamic background to the lives of people.
The Earth has a vast range of landscapes including icy landscapes of polar regions, mountainous landscapes, vast arid desert landscapes, islands and coastal landscapes, densely forested trees or wooded landscapes including past arctic forests and tropical rainforests, and agricultural landscapes of temperate and tropical regions. The landscape can be further considered under the following specific categories: cultural landscape, landscape ecology, landscape planning, landscape assessment and landscape design.